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Reference of «Circassian congress» of Adygeya sighed by public movements «Circassian congress» of Karachaevo-Circassia, «Adyghe Khase» of Adygeya, the Kabardino-Balkarian public legal expert center, the Independent social research center of Kabardino-Balkaria, was sent on January 29th to the Warsaw department on democratic institutions and human rights of OSCE.

IA «AdygeaNatPress» was informed that by the press secretary of «Circassian congress» of Adygeya Aliy Berzegov. According to him he had communicated to the OSCE main office in Vienna where he learnt the address of Warsaw office. The reference was sent to the address of OCSE Ambassador for ODIHR Cristian Strohal.

«Adygs (Circassians) are the indigenous nation in Northwestern Caucasus, - was spoken in the reference. - Folk customs, ceremonies, traditions, culture and the national language of Adygeyan ethnos developed in this territory within millenia. The ancestors of the modern Adyg-Abkhazes created the Maykop archeological culture dated the IV millenium B.C.

Since the end of the XVIII century the Russian Empire had a colonial war against Circassians. The purpose of that war for the Russian autocracy was not just capture of territories and conquest of Circassians, but also utter annihilation of the people, eviction of the remained part of it out of the limits of the historical Native land.

1864 became the final date of the end of the Russian-Caucasian war and simultaneously the year since which Circassians had ceased to exist as one ethnos. Since that period of time mass eviction of Adygs to the Ottoman Empire was started and it proceeded till 1914. Colonists from Russia systematically occupied the lands Adygs had abandoned. Simultaneously with that imperial Russia pursued the strategy of violent assimilation of remained Adygs (Circassians).

According to Adolph Berge (1828-1886) considered at that time to be an official, and now - a tendentious historian of the Russian-Caucasian war, from among over one million Adygs (Circassians) in the war they lost more than 400 thousand people; 497 thousand Adygs were deported; about 80 thousand men stayed on their historical native land.

After the Revolution of 1917 the rests of Circassian people had received autonomies: Kabardino-Balkarian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (ASSR), Karachaevo-Circassian and Adygeyan autonomous regions, Shapsug national area. Though the Soviet authority had proclaimed equality of every people and every nation, in reality they were far from resolution of the Circassian problem – returning of the descendants of the expelled Circassians to their native land and creation of a uniform national formation in the structure of the USSR.

Moreover, the national policy of that period did not seriously differ from the previous policy of the tsar state: that could be illustrated with the names of the national formations. Kabardians (Adygeyan sub-ethnos) were united with Balkarians - people related to Karachais. Besleneys (Adygeyan sub-ethnos, nowadays named Circassian people) – with Karachais. Shapsugs (Adygeyan sub-ethnos), living near to then Adygeyan autonomous region, were formed in a separate national area that on May, 24th, 1945 was liquidated.

As a whole the history of creation and abolition of Shapsug national area in many respects was indicative for all Adygeyan regions of Russia. Authorities persistently inculcated the idea of "inexpediency" of the area’s existence both during its creation and later when it had been already functioning. It was considered that way during the cutting of the borders the area - it did not include an entrance to the Black Sea coast, to railways or highways, other vital objects.

During delivering Shapsugs lands for agricultural needs the plots were given in the places remote from the roads. Chronic underfinancing of the area was practiced so that the area could not develop its own life-support infrastructure.

"The true reason for the local authorities’ counteraction to creation of Shapsug statehood, - wrote Tamara Polovinkina, the author of a number of monographies about Shapsugs, - was that in 1920s (like before) they considered politically inexpedient and even dangerous to give Shapsugs (and Adygs in general) an access to the sea".

Inter-regional interaction of the leaders of Adygeyan national formations during the Stalin times ended in GULAG, in the intervals of so-called "thawing weather" or during "stagnation period" it was categorically oppressed. Publications of materials, concerning the period of the Russian-Caucasian war, access to the archives of that period were under a private interdiction. The official policies were reduced to hushing up, as subjects of publications - to purposeful distortion of reasons and scales of the catastrophe of Adygeyan ethnos.

In 1991 Russian Federation declared about democratic and legal way of the state development. In that connection Adygeya, having refused the status of autonomous region, proclaimed itself republic. That was stated in the Declaration of Adygeya state sovereignty in 1991, in the Federal contract of 1992, in the Constitution of Russian Federation of 1993 and, at last, in the Constitution of Adygeya Republic of 1995.

During that time till nowadays Russian Federation was shaken – and is now – by economic crisises with heavy consequences for all the citizens of Russian Federation. Adygeya republic, being a part of the federation, has also gone through all the difficulties of the reforms of the federal center, but failing of standard of living changed the condition of Adygeyan people in a greater measure.

For today in Adygeya the indigenous population’s death rate exceeds the birth rate (minus 2000 people a year). The small ethnos began reducing even more, and it means that in percentage terms in the republic Adygs become lesser numerous; so that influences the political decisions both of the republican, and the federal levels.

It should be noted that during B.N.Yeltsin’s presidency the national interests of republics were restrained much lesser than during the previous or the present periods. If there were some nationalism, it just existed in a household form. However after V.V.Putin’s coming to powers of the president the country began departing from the democratic way of state development.

On June 21st, 2001 the president of Russian Federation signed the Decree # 741 "About commission at president of Russian Federation on preparation of offers on differentiation of subjects of conducting and powers among federal governmental bodies, bodies of the government of subjects of Russian Federation and institutions of local governments".

On the basis of the decree infringing the Federal Contract of 1992 (about differentiation of powers between the federal center and republics) they began withdrawing from the legislations of republics laws, concerning powers and rights in the sphere of the national interests’ observance.

As a result of that in Adygeya they had abolished about 90 acts, positions, laws protecting the rights of Adygs, which corresponded to the international norms and in their majority did not contradict also to Russian legislation. In particular, from the Constitution of Adygeya Republic they had withdrawn: 1) regulations about sovereignty of Adygeya Republic; 2) about obligatory knowledge of president of republic two state languages - Adygeyan and Russian; 3) about parity representation in the State Soviet-Khase of Adygeya Republic; 4) the republican Law "About repatriates" of 1997, as others were abolished.

Among the mentioned acts under the protest of the Office of Public Prosecutor of Adygeya Republic the Law "About referendum of Adygeya Republic" which provided interdiction on carrying out of referendum about status and borders of republic, was abolished, too. At the moment there is a process of pushing through the State Soviet-Khase of Adygeya a bill "About referendum of Adygeya Republic" in which those items are not present.

Adoption of the law on referendum in such version would contradict the United Nations Organization Charter (clause 1, item 2; clause 55; clause 73), numerous international legal acts where the principle of equality and self-determination of nations is affirmed, as well as the Constitution of Russian Federation (clause 5, item 3; clause 15, item 4). In Adygeya Republic representatives of various nations live.

They have all the civil rights, stipulated by international-legal acts and the Constitution of Russian Federation in full, and they used their right for self-determination in the form of national-state formations outside Adygeya Republic. Carrying out of a referendum on change of the status or territory of Adygeya in the conditions when quantity of the indigenous population in the republic makes only 24 percent, would lead to the predicted result - the republic’s liquidation. It would mean further genocide against Adygs (Circassians), but in the other form. However on such effect the federal center counts.

From a tacit sanction of the law enforcement bodies in Adygeya nowadays forces, which should execute a new genocide, are actively formed. At the last VI congress of the republican social movement "Union of Slavs of Adygeya" passed on December 18th in Maykop, those forces were united in the political block and passed the joint program.

In the resolution adopted at the congress, it was written the following: "Union of Slavs of Adygeya will take part in the elections of deputies of State Soviet-Khase of Adygeya Republic on March, 12th, 2006 in the union with Cossacks, "Economic union of industrialists and businessmen" and other Russian national organizations, as well as those organizations which activities do not contradict Russian people’s interests".

"We call up all the citizens, - it was also spoken, - to take part in the elections and to support association of those candidates who will incur the duty to pass the law on referendum in Adygeya Republic and to lead such referendum about integration with Krasnodar territory".

The leader of the Adygeya republican branch of the National majestic party of Russia sounded at the congress his appeal to Russians "to use more actively lawful ways to get armed". The weapons, as he said, "are necessary for protection of the national interests of Russians both in Russia, and abroad".

Thus, Adygeyan (Circassian) ethnos like 140 years ago remains in conditions when it can be liquidated physically. Initiators of the national republic’s liquidation - in the territory of the geographical center of the indigenous population’s historical lands – count on that: during escalation of the conflict Adygs would be declared a next nation-terrorist which should be liquidated.

Numerous references concerned the problem to bodies of the federal authority, to the top management of the country are left without any reply. We consider that it is useless to believe on its resolution at that level.

We address to you with our desperate request to interfere immediately in the situation in Adygeya with the purpose of preservation of its statehood in the form of sovereign republic. We entrust you the destiny of our people and call up to send in Adygeya Republic a special commission to analyze the above-mentioned facts and to give objective estimation according to results of your check.

We would like representatives of the Council of Europe to take the situation developing now in our republic under control and to regulate it according to the principles of the international law”.

AdygeaNatPress
Опубликовал administrator, 29-01-2006, 14:11. Просмотров: 1036
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