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"Adyghe Khase" federation of Turkey (Kaf-Fed) acted with the statement concerned "the memorable 450-th anniversary".

In the statement they did write that the organization condemned celebrating of that date in Russia, but they appealed to adhere to the historical truth, to remember about the war, lasted till May 21, 1864, about the people expelled in its ending from their native land. "Caucasian unit" publishes the statement with some reductions.

"May 21, - it was emphasized in the preamble of the statement, - for us, representatives of Adygeyan Diaspora, will always remain the Day of memory and grief. It will never be forgotten by our contemporaries, as our descendants will remember it, too".

We know what is spoken in the statement: that Adygs of Russia prepare to commemorate the 450-th anniversary. And we welcome in this connection that today Adygs live in one family of the Russian nations; we wish them from the bottom of our hearts peace and prosperity. It is impossible to live in peace and friendship while constantly remembering about the dark pages of the history. But the past, nevertheless, needs to be known to scoop from it experience so necessary today. And the best in the history should be used today for peace.

As applied to the considered date the history tells about the following:

The mutual relations of Russians and Adygs ascend to the Х century. It is known, for example, that the fight in 1020 between the leader of Tmutarakanian province (situated on today's Tamanian peninsula) and prince Rededia, heading Adygs, under their arrangement in the northeast area of the region the city of Cherkassy was constructed.

However the first close political contacts between Circassians and Russians took place during ruling of Ivan III (1462-1505) and Ivan IV (1534-1584). Then their interests were united in connection with the threat of the Crimean khanate. From Kabarda and other Adygeyan territories to Moscow ambassadors were sent. One of such representatives of Adygs was, for example, Adasey (Adashey) the son of Anfako, who resided in Moscow during the ruling both of Ivan III, and Ivan IV.

In 1552 when the Crimean khanate signed the agreement with the Ottoman empire, in view of Crimeans’ claims for Adygs’ territory deputations of Janeevians and Beslenevians, then Kabardians, and after them in 1555 even Chechenians (153 men) were sent to Moscow. After that in 1557 the grand prince of Kabarda Temruk Idar signed the agreement with the Russian tsar who married his daughter Goshevnay. With his sister the son of Temruk set off to Russia, too. From that moment friendship and trust between Kabarda and Moscow proceeded. As the documents tell, the Russian tsar was allowed to construct the fortress of Tarki at merger of the river Sundji and Terek with giving 1000 men to Temruk’s army. Those events are celebrated today as the 450-th anniversary.

At the same time, in the other document the ambassador of Ivan IV in Kabarda wrote to his tsar: "Peoples of Caucasus, having united, can make a threat to Moscow. Proceeding from this, the grand princes of Kabarda should constantly sow discord among the peoples". All further Russia’s politics in Caucasus was built, basing on that thesis. The events of those years and infringement of the peace arrangements of Russia with Caucasus - whether because of the interstate, whether outer-state reasons - testified to that.

Caucasus has a huge geopolitical and geostrategic importance. In the XVI century it was wanted by many countries - Russia, Crimea, Turkey, Iran, and later - France, England, Germany. The peoples of Northern Caucasus, not finding help from other states, were at war with Russia for independence all alone. Simultaneously with it there was a dividing of Northern Caucasus without these peoples - such agreements were signed in Prut (1711), in Belgrad (1739), in Kuchuk-Kainadji (1774), Adrin (1829), Paris (1856), and Berlin (1878).

Probably, there is no need to describe in detail the wars of the XVII-XVIII centuries. They are well described in the historical researches. But we might take some examples about Caucasus from them. For example, one of the results of the Belgrad peace treatment between Turkey and Russia was recognition as independent the Great Kabarda and Djilahstan. However, despite of that agreement, Russia continued to move its armies to Caucasus.

In that period the Kabardian princes broke their communications with Russia, too. After capture of the lands of Kabarda a part of not surrendered Kabardians moved to Trance-Kuban. After the Russian-Turkish war (1768-1774) for "independence" of Crimea as a result of the signed treatment in Kuchuk-Kaynadji the parties agreed with that Kabarda, which had never entered Russia, became a part of the winner. "Independent" Crimea after Russia’s attacks surrendered in 1783. In the same year Georgia, being afraid of Iran, declared about its union with Russia. In February, 1801 the government of Russia declared that it got the territory of Georgia together with Abkhazia.

After getting Crimea and Georgia in the ХIХ century the basic fights for the rest Caucasus begun; it was finished in 1864.

And it is not a secret that Russia pursued during those wars the two basic purposes: to be fixed at the Caspian sea to conquer Transcaucasia, to get way to the Black sea to have exit to the warm seas.

For realization of the plan of going out to the warm seas the imperial government in the XVIII-XIX centuries considered necessary to undertake the following measures: to subdue by its military force Circassians, and after suppression of their resistance to move them out to other territories of the country or abroad, and then to settle Cossacks on the abandoned lands.

And the present statements surprising the whole world, are made by the people knowing about all the stated above. They affirm that the connection of territories was carried out basing on respect for the peoples, lived on those lands, for the sake of independence of those peoples.

Circassians of the Diaspora are not going to address to the past without any reason. But the boundless friendship and peace, in our opinion, can be constructed only on the historical truth. On our mind, such approach can supply mutual understanding and mutual respect among the peoples, can give communications among them due force. But if to present the history from only one point of view, it will not only not pull together the peoples, but just fall apart them. Unfair concealing of the people’s tragedy, any celebrating on its background will cause pain and mistrust.

Instead of this celebrating, in our opinion, it would be more pertinent to recognize the fact of Circassians’ exile and to sign between Russian Federation and Adygeyan Republic an agreement concerned returning of the descendants of the expelled Circassians to the historical native land. And this responsible step would become for the both parties a pledge of their eternal friendship, to which Adygs and Russian aspire.


Опубликовал administrator, 12-09-2007, 15:32. Просмотров: 689
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