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Аслан Шаззо на сервере Стихи.ру


The UN general assembly adopted the declaration on the on indigenous peoples’ rights. The declaration, prepared during 22 years, was supported by 143 states from among 192. The USA, Canada, New Zealand and Australia - the states created on lands, where the genocide against Indians and other peoples had been committed, voted against the document; 11 countries have refrained. Among the last ones there was Russian Federation.

A RIA “NOVOSTI” source in the Russian constant representation in the UN said that some rules of the declaration appeared to be unacceptable for the Kremlin.

The passed declaration proclaims the right of the indigenous peoples on self-determination, land and natural resources. "The indigenous peoples by realization of their right on self-determination have the right on autonomy or self-management in questions concerning their internal and local affairs, as well as the ways and means of financing of their independent functions", - it was stated in the declaration.

The declarations adopted by the UN General Assembly have no legislative force for the states and do not impose any obligations in relation to their governments.

According to the UN information, in the world the indigenous peoples are represented by 370 millions people in more than 70 countries; many of the ethnoses almost disappeared.

Making comments about the UN’s declaration, politologist Anton Surikov estimated highly the document and expressed his regret that the Ministry of foreign affairs of Russia had not supported it during the voting:

"As you know, Vladimir Ilich Lenin, basing on the position of the Communist internationalism, stated as an imperative the slogan about the right of the nations to self-determination. Now the slogan of self-determination received its recognition from the world community. Thus self-determination not necessarily means separation of the small peoples from the big ones. It would be more correct to understand it as a wide autonomy.

In the Constitution of Russian Federation the right on autonomy, on national statehood are fixed for the indigenous peoples. But this right is often ignored; it is not filled with the real contents.

If to consider the situation around Adygeyan people that became in the XIX century a victim of the genocide - the most severe in the history... Even now, the right of representatives of this people (dispersed in many countries of the Near East, Europe and the USA) on their returning to the historical native land is not taken into account and not supplied by the Russian legislation.

At the same time the Russian legislation directly encourages ethnic Russians for moving into Russian Federation. So it turns out that Russians from the point of view of the Law of Russian Federation on compatriots’ returning, are citizens of the first grade, as the small indigenous people of the Western Caucasus - Adygs should be citizens of the second grade.

The similar situation is around the project of realization of the winter Olympiad in Sochi (where in the XIX century destruction and deportation of Adygs was committed, where there is a plenty of burial places of Adygeyan warriors and civil people).

The organizers of the future international sports competitions, with ecstasy counting up expected incomes, have not found time to discuss this delicate and sensitive question with the representatives of Adygeyan public so far.

Meanwhile, it should be done even to avoid great scandals in future, to prevent a situation when the Olympic competitions would be organized on the cemeteries and mass burial places of the innocent people killed in that time".

NatPress

Опубликовал administrator, 17-09-2007, 19:32. Просмотров: 779
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