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The chief of the Kabardino-Balkarian legal expert centre Valeriy Hatazhukov addressed several days ago in an open letter to the president Arsen Kanokov about reburying in Kabardino-Balkaria of the chairman of the government Northern-Caucasian (Mountain) republic (1917 -1919) Pshemaho Kotsev and his spouse Lutsia Misakova. NatPress publishes this letter without reductions.

Dear Arsen Bashirovich!

Many pages of the history of Kabardino-Balkaria were connected to the revolution, the Civil war and reprisals of the 1930s remain closed and unknown for the majority of the inhabitants of our republic so far. And that despite of the fact that in Russian Federation, since the 1990s a huge work on rehabilitation of the illegally repressed, edition of the books, scientific monographies, to restoration of the true names of the settlements and so on was organized. For modern Russia there is a usual phenomenon of returning home and burying of the ancestors’ ashes many of those who were compelled to emigrate from the country after the October revolution and the Civil war (1918-20), and found their last shelter in the outlands.

Among the historical figures of Kabardino-Balkaria, unfairly forgotten in a favour of the dominated for the long years of the communist ideology, special place is occupied by the bright person of the Chairman of the government of the Northern-Caucasian (Mountain) Republic (1917-1919), Pshemaho Tamashevich Kotsev.

The peoples of Northern Caucasus met with enthusiasm the February revolution of 1917 believing that new Russia would become a really democratic, federative state and the peoples, occupying it, would find the long-awaited freedom and would look with confidence into tomorrow's day.

At the lasting for two weeks (since May 1 of 1917 in Vladikavkaz) I congress of the mountain peoples of Caucasus with a huge enthusiasm they proclaimed "Union of united mountaineers of Caucasus". In the documents passed at the congress it was stated that the mountaineers did not think of the future outside Russia, which should remain united and become a federative state; to give a wide autonomy to the peoples, occupying it. P. Kotsev was elected a member of the Central Committee of "Union of united mountaineers" and subsequently played an outstanding role in the destiny of the "young" republic. Information about P. Kotsev’s activities and work of the Mountain government can be found in the Collection of the documents "Union of Mountaineers of Caucasus and Northern-Caucasian (Mountain) republic of 1917-1920", (published - Makhachkala, Dagestan Centre of science, 1993).

The situation changed radically after of the Bolsheviks’ revolution of October, 1917. The leaders of "Union of united mountaineers" believed that communists’ ruling would cause in Russia and its peoples incalculable disasters, famine, reprisals and terrors. The subsequent events proved that they were right. Hundred thousands of innocent the people were executed without litigation, and the whole peoples were violently expelled from the places of their residing.

Well realizing what the bolshevism could cause for the peoples of Caucasus, "Union of united mountaineers" on May 11, 1918 proclaimed independent Northern-Caucasian (Mountain) republic. P. Kotsev headed the government of Mountain Republic for two times.

In 1919 Mountain Republic, after its heroic resistance, surrendered because of the impacts of the superior forces of voluntary armies of Denikin. After that being in emigration, (from Tbilisi) P. Kotsev together with his compatriots continued the struggle, helping rebels in Dagestan and Chechnya, which struggled against Denikin. After the coming to powers of the Soviet authority in Caucasus, P. Kotsev emigrated to Turkey. He actively participated in the activities of the Northern-Caucasian organizations in Turkey and Europe and got in emigration the deserved authority.

P. Kotsev died on January 8, 1962 and as the leader of the state in exile was buried with observance of the diplomatic protocols. We managed in February, 2004 to find his tomb. He was buried in Istanbul in the cemetery Fiykura together with his spouse Lutsia Misakova, representative of the remarkable Balkarian kin, who died in 1964. On the gravestone monument of him it was engraved "Pshemaho Kotsev – ex-president of the Northern-Caucasian republic”.

Dear Arsen Bashirovich! The public of the republic connects to your name the positive changes happened in our republic for the last years, believes in you and in your mission. To this circumstance our believe in the opportunity of Pshemaho Kotsev and his spouses Lutsia Misakova’s reburying on the native land of the ancestors - in Kabardino-Balkarian Republic - is connected. We address to you with the request: to solve this problem at the state level. It seems to us, that will have a huge importance in the context of the further strengthening of the interethnic consent in our society, and the role of Kabardino-Balkaria in the history of Northern Caucasus and multinational Russia as a whole. In our turn, we, through the public structures are ready to promote in every possible way the republican authorities in resolution of this question".


Опубликовал administrator, 2-01-2008, 17:23. Просмотров: 1435
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