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The (ancestors of the) Circassians settled in the Northwest Caucasus not earlier than 5,000 BC






























The Northwest Caucasus was uninhabited during (most of) the Neolithic Age (10,200 BC-4,500 BC); only in the Chalcolithic epoch (starts roughly 5,000 BC) was that region reoccupied by the Meshoko people and later by the builders of the Maikop Culture (ancestors of the Circassians; 3850 BC-3300 BC).

The (ancestors of the) Circassians settled in the Northwest Caucasus not earlier than 5,000 BCTherefore, the earliest "Circassian" civilization in the Northwest Caucasus can be traced back six millennia, maximum.

Proto-North Caucasian people made their way from the Balkans to the north, rounded the Black Sea and created the Early Maikop Culture, whose dating (3850–3300 BC) exactly matches the glottochronological split of the NCauc. proto-language (ca. 3800 BC)... Proto-NCauc. people knew horse-breeding, stock-breeding, agriculture, textile and metallurgy that exactly fits the Maikop Culture.

The Proto-Basques and Proto-North Caucasians separate out (the first half of the 7th millennium BC). The Proto-Basques move into Europe. An alternative scenario is to locate the Proto-North Caucasian–Basque homeland in the Balkans.

In the first half of the 7th millennium the Proto-Basques start moving into Europe, whereas Proto-North Caucasians stay in the Balkans (Carpatho-Balkan Metallurgical Province of the 5th millennium BC), but later go their way towards the North Caucasus.

The North Caucasian proto-language splits into the West Caucasian and East Caucasian branches in the first half of the 4th millennium BC that coincides with the North Caucasian Maikop Culture.

Read more in A. Kassian, 2009/2010.

Reference:

A. Kassian, "Hattic as a Sino-Caucasian language", Ugarit-Forschungen, Bd 41, 2009, Ugarit-Verlag Münster, 2010, pp. 309-447. [https://www.academia.edu/…/Hattic_as_a_Sino-Caucasian_langu…]

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The (ancestors of the) Circassians settled in the Northwest Caucasus not earlier than 5,000 BC
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Опубликовал admin, 27-03-2015, 18:36. Просмотров: 1007
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